The Best Diet for Thyroid disease: Good foods, what to avoid and eat
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Nowadays, due to the deteriorating lifestyle, many types of physical problems have started. Especially the problem of obesity and when obesity increases, there are many problems in the body.

One of the same problems is the thyroid. According to a survey, 4.2 million people in India are experiencing thyroid problems. Now you can get a sense of how unhealthy people are becoming day by day.

The Diet for Thyroid disease

In this case, the diet also plays a major role in the home remedies for thyroid. In this article, we will tell you about the diet for thyroid.

Before you know about the diet in the thyroid, it is important for you to know what a is thyroid.

What is Thyroid

Never forget to consider thyroid disease. It is not a disease, but a gland found in the shape of a butterfly in the front of the throat. Many important activities of the body are controlled by this gland.

The thyroid gland produces some hormones, which are as follows – T3 ie triiodothyronine, T4 ie thyroxine, and calcitonin. These hormones have an effect on a person’s digestive system, body temperature, weight, cholesterol, and many other things.

When these hormones are unrestricted, more or less, it not only affects the weight but also affects many other parts of the body. This condition is called a thyroid problem.

Types of Thyroid

Before knowing about the diet for thyroid, it is important to know what are the types of thyroid? Below we are telling you about the same. There are mainly five types of thyroid –

  1. Hypothyroidism
  2. Hyperthyroidism
  3. Disorders caused by iodine deficiency such as goiter
  4. Hashimoto thyroiditis
  5. thyroid cancer

Of these five, hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism are the most common. In this article, we are talking about the diet chart of diet in both this thyroid.

Let us also know about the dietary intake in the thyroid. In Hypothyroidism and Hyperthyroidism, a list of what to eat and what not to eat will be put separately in front of you through this article.

Must Read: Best 12 food for thyroid health and treatment

Hypothyroidism Diet Chart

What is hypothyroidism?

Hypothyroid is when the thyroid gland produces fewer T3, T4 hormones. Its effect slowly starts falling on the person’s body.

Due to this, problems like menstruation, weight gain, dry skin, hair loss, slow heart rate, high cholesterol, swelling on the face, goiter, muscle discomfort, and constipation.

In such a situation, it is important to take proper care of diet for thyroid as well as medicines.

Diet chart for Hypothyroidism

What to eat (MEALS) (Diet for thyroid plan for both vegetarian and non-vegetarian)

  • Morning (7: 00–7: 30 am) juice of one lemon in a cup of warm water
  • Breakfast (8: 15–8: 45 am) a boiled egg + oatmeal and accompanying apple or flaxseed powder + brazil nuts
  • Lunch (12:00 – 12:30 pm) kivi salad or shrimp lettuce wrap
  • Evening breakfast (4:00 pm) One peach + one cup coconut water
  • Dinner (7:00 pm) A cup of soup or broth/lentil soup with well-cooked vegetables

Food for Hypothyroidism

The Best Diet for Thyroid disease

Here we will mention the names of some foods that can be eaten in hypothyroidism.

1- Iodine salt

According to the American Thyroid Association, iodine is required for the production of thyroid hormones. Iodine deficiency can cause hypothyroidism and goiter.

Since your body cannot produce iodine naturally, you should eat foods that contain a good amount of iodine. The best way to do this is to consume iodized salt.

2- Brazil Nuts

Brazilian nuts have been considered an important source of the mineral selenium. It helps to activate or improve the inactive thyroid hormones.

Scientists have also believed that supplements containing Brazil nuts improve thyroid hormone levels. Selenium helps reduce inflammation and prevents the cancer cell from spreading.

You can consume Brazil nuts in a regular quantity in consultation with your doctor or a specialist. Keep in mind that you do not eat too much of it, as it can cause nausea, diarrhea, and vomiting.

3- Fish

Fish is rich in omega-3 fatty acids and selenium. Omega-3 fatty acids can help reduce LDL, ie bad cholesterol, while selenium improves your thyroid hormone.

Salmon and tuna fish should be consumed in hypothyroidism. You can consume a balanced amount of fish every day, but be careful that you do not cook the fish excessively.

4- Eggs

You must have heard this saying ‘Sunday or Monday daily eat eggs’. This egg will give you a lot of relief from thyroid too. The egg is an important source of iodine and protein and can be consumed in both hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism.

You can eat two eggs a day, but it depends on your body because not everyone has the same body. If you have already increased cholesterol, do not consume egg yolk.

Eggs will not only give your body energy and strength, but your thyroid will also be fine.

5- Broth or Soup

Hypothyroidism can cause your bones to weaken or fracture, so bone broth can help strengthen your bones. I

In addition, the broth contains glycine and an amino acid called proline, which helps to heal the digestive system and improve hypothyroidism. You can have a cup of broth for lunch or dinner.

You can also add some vegetables to it, but be aware that you cook the vegetables well because some vegetables are such that if eaten raw, they can promote hypothyroidism.

6- Flaxseed/Linseed seeds

Flax seeds are good sources of omega-3 fatty acids, zinc, selenium, and iodine. It protects against many diseases and one of them is iodine deficiency disease. You can use linseed seed powder in your smoothie or breakfast or use linseed seed oil for cooking.

You can safely take two to three tablespoons of ground flaxseed powder and two tablespoons of flaxseed seed oil daily. Talk to the doctor once before consuming it, because the seeds of linseed do not necessarily suit everyone, everyone’s digestive power is different.

These were just some of the foods that we told you about. Apart from this, you can also eat legumes, olive oil foods, chicken, dairy products, civics.

Must Read: Best Diet chart of Thyroid friendly foods

Foods to Avoid in Hypothyroidism

So far we have told you what to eat in the diet for thyroid (hypothyroidism). Now we will tell you what not to eat.

  • Excessive green tea intake may prove to be harmful to the thyroid. The catechin present in green tea can act as an anti-thyroid agent, causing thyroid problems.
  • Soybean and soy-rich foods may also cause hypothyroidism. Therefore, people who are consuming soy foods, also need to take care of their iodine intake.
  • One can consume green vegetables in the thyroid, but with care. Raw or half-cooked green leafy vegetables such as broccoli, spinach, cauliflower, and many other vegetables and fruits can inhibit the production of thyroid hormones, known as goitrogens.
  • Stay away from gluten food as much as possible, because the consumption of gluten-free food can cause the thyroid to be substantially cured or balanced.
  • Do not consume junk food such as fried-fried, spicy things, French fries, noodles, and so on, as such foods are deficient in iodine and nutrients. With such foods, you are at risk of increasing cholesterol.

Now let’s talk about hyperthyroidism.

Hyperthyroidism Diet Chart

The first question that arises is what is hyperthyroidism? Hyperthyroidism is the condition when excess hormones are produced by the thyroid gland.

It is also caused by grave disease, which is a type of autoimmune problem.  This causes the thyroid gland to produce more thyroid hormone.

This includes weight loss, increased heart rate, anxiety, irritability, irregular periods, insomnia, difficulty concentrating, increased appetite, and problems with moist skin.

In such a situation, along with medical treatment, it is also important to take care of the right food.

Diet chart for Hyperthyroidism

What to eat (MEALS) (Diet for thyroid plan for both vegetarian and non-vegetarian)

  • Morning (7: 00–7: 30 am) Two cups of normal water
  • Breakfast (8:15 – 8:45 am) Tomato + Apple + Grapefruit smoothie and two eggs
  • Mid Morning (10:30 am) Eat small carrots mixed with lemon juice and sea salt in a medium-sized cup.
  • Lunch (12:30 – 1:00 pm) Tuna / Chicken / Mushroom Salad with Spinach, Asparagus, Kale, Tomato and Tofu
  • Evening breakfast (4:00 pm) One cup green tea + 32 pistachios
  • Dinner (7:00 – 7:30 pm) Rajma or grilled fish with herbs and vegetables

Food for Hyperthyroidism

The Best Diet for Thyroid disease

1- Green Vegetables

Eat green vegetables like spinach, broccoli, cabbage, carrots, cauliflower, and radish. Apart from this, you can have a salad, in which you include tomatoes, cucumbers, and capsicum.

2- Fruit

Always eat seasonal fruits. Many times you will see those fruits which are not in season. So do not consume those fruits.

If there is a season of strawberries, pears, and peaches, consume them, as it contains ingredients that can inhibit the production of excessive thyroid hormone.

Fruits are rich in many vitamins and minerals. At the same time, fruits like pomegranate, apple, orange, and cherry have antioxidant properties.

At the same time, avocado contains abundant protein, omega-3 fatty acids, vitamins, selenium, and zinc, which can also protect against inflammation and heart disease. Also, you can eat fruits like mango and guava.

3- Egg

You can also eat eggs in food, but keep in mind that you should consume the white part of the egg. Iodine is high in egg yolk, so avoid its consumption.

4- Green Tea

You can also consume green tea in regular amounts. It may inhibit the production of hormones by the thyroid gland. It has anti-thyroid properties.

5- Dairy Products

You can also consume dairy products. You can also take milk, curd, and cheese in balanced quantities. If you do not digest milk products, you can also consume almond milk.

6- Meat-fish, Chicken

If you are a non-vegetarian, you can consume fish, but take care not to consume sea fish, because iodine is high in it. Apart from this, you can also eat chicken or meat.

You can eat dry fruits such as pistachios, almonds, and walnuts. You can also include indigenous herbs like basil and celery in your diet for thyroid. Also, millet and brown rice can also be consumed.

Must Read: Natural home remedies for a thyroid problem

Foods to Avoid in Hyperthyroidism

We are talking about what things should not be consumed in hyperthyroidism.

  • Do not eat foods with high iodine and selenium.
  • Do not consume sugar or sugar-rich drinks or foods such as cold drinks, chocolate, candy, and many other things. You can add honey to your diet instead of sugar.
  • Avoid foods like bread, rice, pasta, naan, and biscuits.
  • Do not consume foods like junk food – burgers, fries, and rolls.
  • Do not consume fruit juices, instead, you should eat fruits.

Other Tips for Thyroid Diet

We are also giving you some tips on diet for thyroid which you can follow. Not only changing the diet is not enough, but it is also important to follow the diet for thyroid properly and take care of other small things.

  • Include healthy fat in your daily diet.
  • Do not drink or drink water immediately after meals.
  • Take vitamins and minerals, but first, consult a doctor about this.
  • Drink lots of water.
  • Do not eat too spicy and fried food.
  • Doing any kind of yoga for thyroid


Diet plays a very important role in the thyroid, but there are some foods that can affect both hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism.

Even the medicines are taken during this time also affect them. Therefore, you should talk to your doctor before consuming any of the foods mentioned here.

Both hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism are serious health problems, so do not ignore them. If you ever feel unusual or uncomfortable in your health, see a doctor immediately and report your problem.

Also, keep in mind the above things and food items and share your experiences with us. If you also have any information regarding diet for thyroid, then share it with us in the comment box below.

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